Compass Security Blog

A Blog about Information Security...

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Bypassing Content-Security-Policy with DNS prefetching

Introduction The Content Security Policy (CSP) is one of the main web-based security mechanisms which helps websites’ owners to reduce their risks caused by Cross-Site-Scripting (XSS) or code injection attacks [1]. The CSP is nothing more than a policy that defines from where and to where a something can be loaded and fetched. This is […]

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Android 7.0 Security Features: Direct Boot

Android 7.0 (Nougat) brings a lot of new interesting security features such as: Direct Boot Key Attestation Network Security Configuration Scoped Directory Access Media Server Hardening All of these topics are very interesting from a security perspective. However, in this blog post we will solely focus on Direct Boot. Motivation There are apps, which should […]

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Making of Compass bIOTech v1.0

The “Internet of Things” (IoT) grows quickly. More and more devices are connected to the Internet to automate tasks and simply life. Fridges automatically order milk, cars are taught to self-drive via a simple update and bridges send live updates about their structural integrity. According to Gartner’s 2016 Tech Trends, IoT will define the shape of tomorrow’s […]

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Black Hat USA 2016 / DEF CON 24

At the beginning of August, as every year, two of our security analysts attended the most renowned IT security conferences Black Hat USA and DEF CON to learn about the latest trends and research. This year’s Black Hat conference, the 19th edition, took place at the Mandalay Bay Conference Center while DEF CON 24 was located […]

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Software Defined Radio (SDR) and Decoding On-off Keying (OOK)

This post will give a quick intro into software defined radio (SDR) basics and provide guidance for the decoding of a very simple form of digital modulation (on-off keying). Device Wireless Specs Wireless junk hacking is not too difficult. Usually, devices transceive in the 433MHz or 868MHz ISM radio bands. As these bands are somewhat lax […]

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Exchange Forensics

Introduction The number one form of communication in corporate environments is email. Alone in 2015, the number of business emails sent and received per day were estimated to be over 112 billion [1] and employees spend on average 13 hours per week in their email inbox [2]. Unfortunately, emails are at times also misused for illegitimate […]

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Cross-Site Scripting

Cross-Site Scripting is harmless? Think again! Cross-Site Scripting, oftentimes referred to as “XSS”, is a common vulnerability of web applications. This vulnerability refers to the incorrect behavior of a web application to insufficiently encode user provided data when displaying it back to the user. If this is the case, attackers are able to inject malicious […]

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Content-Security-Policy: misconfigurations and bypasses

Introduction The Content Security Policy (CSP) is a security mechanism web applications can use to reduce the risk of attacks based on XSS, code injection or clickjacking. Using different directives it is possible to lock down web applications by implementing a whitelist of trusted sources from which web resources like JavaScript may be loaded. Currently […]

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APT Detection & Network Analysis

Until recently, the majority of organizations believed that they do not have to worry about targeted attacks, because they consider themselves to be “flying under the radar”. The common belief has been: “We are too small, only big organizations like financial service providers, military industry, energy suppliers and government institutions are affected”. However, this assumption […]

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Windows Phone – Security State of the Art?

Compass Security recently presented its Windows Phone and Windows 10 Mobile research at the April 2016 Security Interest Group Switzerland (SIGS) event in Zurich. The short presentation highlights the attempts made by our Security Analysts to bypass the security controls provided by the platform and further explains why bypassing them is not a trivial undertaking. Windows 10 Mobile, which […]

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