Compass Security Blog

Offensive Defense

Straightforward Mobile Forensics

We put more and more sensitive data on mobile devices. For many private conversations we use mobile applications, such as WhatsApp. This smooth access to the data and the Internet provides multiple benefits in our lives. On the other side, new attack vectors are created. Phishing messages do not need to be delivered in an […]

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The “Volatility Triage App” for Splunk

Intro into a Compass Splunk App, which can be used to perform a first triage and high level analysis of Volatility results coming from multiple hosts.

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Reversing a .NET Orcus dropper

In this blog post we will reverse engineer a sample which acts as downloader for malware (aka a “dropper”). It is not uncommon to find such a downloader during DFIR engagements so we decided to take a look at it. The sample that we are going to analyze has been obtained from abuse.ch and was […]

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Invoice Fraud with Everything the Bag of Tricks Has to Offer

Sometimes, it doesn’t take much for a good scam: a good story, a little persuasion, then disappear again… and sometimes, the scammers come up with tactics that come straight out of the textbook.

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Challenging Your Forensic Readiness with an Application-Level Ransomware Attack

Ransomware focuses on encrypting data on a filesystem-level, either locally on infected client systems or remotely on accessible file servers. However, what if ransomware would start encrypting data on an application-level too?

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Investigating Data Leakage via External Storage Devices

Contents Introduction Background Story External Device Access Auditing with Windows Security Event Logs Audit Plug and Play Activity Audit Removable Storage Activity External Device Access Auditing with Default Windows Artifacts Other Ways to Monitor External Device Usage Conclusion References Introduction Have you ever investigated a data leakage case involving a suspect potentially leaking data to […]

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Windows Forensics with Plaso

Present State of Affairs We have been teaching forensics and network incident analysis for quite a while. We have investigated into a reputable number of cases and we are not the only doing so. Hence, one would expect a certain degree of automation in analysis. However, the high frequency of software release cycles somehow leads […]

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Hidden Inbox Rules in Microsoft Exchange

Contents Introduction Attack Overview Step-by-Step Detection Email Clients Administration Tools Exchange Compliance Features MAPI Editor Eradication Microsoft Security Response Center Swiss Cyber Storm 2018 Conclusion References Introduction In recent investigations, Compass recognized a raise in popularity for attackers to compromise Microsoft Exchange credentials. As one of the first steps after having obtained the credentials (most […]

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Forensic Readiness

Introduction Every year Bitkom and others publish the statistics of detected attacks. These numbers are increasing (30% in 2014, 51% in 2015, 69% in 2016 each regarding the last two years). According to annual Mandiant reports, the duration until an attack is detected is 148 days in median. 148 days is a long time to gain […]

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Exchange Forensics

Introduction The number one form of communication in corporate environments is email. Alone in 2015, the number of business emails sent and received per day were estimated to be over 112 billion [1] and employees spend on average 13 hours per week in their email inbox [2]. Unfortunately, emails are at times also misused for illegitimate […]

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